Essex Field Club on Facebook

Video about the Club

Idiocerus lituratus
find out more... Idiocerus lituratus Copyright: Peter Harvey

Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
HLF Logo A-Z Page Index

We are normally open to the public at our centre at Wat Tyler Country Park every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday between 11am and 4pm. We are also usually open on Wednesdays between 10am and 4pm.

Spring recording Record your Robin Record Common Frog Rana temporaria
Record Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Record Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva
Record Dark-edged Bee Fly Bombylius major
Record Spring Flower Bee Anthophora plumipes
Record cuckoo bee Melecta albifrons

Geology Site Account


Copperas Bay and Copperas Wood, RAMSEY , Tendring District, TM199312, Historical site only

 
 
hide/show OS map  

Summary

The copperas industry is commemorated in the name of Copperas Wood and Copperas Bay. Copperas Wood is an Essex Wildlife Trust reserve. Grid reference is the entrance to the reserve.

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Site description

The copperas industry was an important industry in eighteenth century Essex. It involved gathering of pyrite nodules (known as ‘copperas stones’) from beaches, where they had been washed out of the London Clay, and then allowing them to oxidise for several months in open vats. This lengthy and hazardous industrial process converted the nodules to ferrous sulphate (green vitriol), which was an essential chemical for making dyes, ink, and several industrial chemicals such as sulphuric acid. Women and children were employed to gather the nodules from the beaches and were paid in ‘copperas tokens’.

A copperas works is marked as ‘Copperas House’ on the 1882 geological map (based on an 1838 original plate) and the exact site may have been where Copperas Wood Farm now is (TM 204 318).

 

if you have an image please upload it


Reference: George 1991, Leach 1999, Allen et al. 2004, Page 1907 (p.411-412).

Geology Site Map
A-Z Geological Site Index