Essex Field Club on Facebook

Video about the Club

Oligia fasciuncula
find out more... Oligia fasciuncula  Middle-barred Minor 1 Copyright: Graham Ekins

Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
HLF Logo A-Z Page Index

Visit Our Centre

EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are normally open to the public on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays 11am-4pm, check. We are also open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.
Spring recording Record your Robin Record Common Frog Rana temporaria
Record Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Record Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva
Record Dark-edged Bee Fly Bombylius major
Record Spring Flower Bee Anthophora plumipes
Record cuckoo bee Melecta albifrons

Geology Site Account

A-Z Geological Site Index

Larks Wood, CHINGFORD HATCH, London Borough of Waltham Forest, TQ382925, General geological site

show OS map    

Site of geological interest with potential for promotion of geology. The geology revealed by any significant excavations in the wood should be recorded.


Site description

Larks Wood is an ancient, former coppice woodland covering two adjacent hills of London Clay. The northern hill is capped by a patch of what is known as Woodford Gravel, the origin of which is not entirely clear. The proportion of angular and rounded flint, and in particular of other rock types such as Lower Greensand chert from The Weald, indicate that it was deposited by a northward-flowing river. This theory is supported by the fact that there are other patches of Woodford Gravel in the vicinity (see also Knighton Wood) and they decline in elevation northwards. It therefore appears that the Woodford Gravel was deposited by a river flowing from what is now the Weald of Surrey northwards across East London to join the Thames which at that time flowed across north Essex and Suffolk. When this river was in existence is very difficult to determine but it was probably over 700,000 years ago.

Larks Wood is owned by Waltham Forest Council and is accessible at all times.


if you have an image please upload it

Reference: Gibbard 1995 (p.12), Ellison 2004 (p.54-57).

Geology Site Map
A-Z Geological Site Index