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Erannis defoliaria
find out more... Mottled Umber  Erannis defoliaria 2 Copyright: Graham Ekins

Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
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no 1113963
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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are normally open to the public on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays 11am-4pm, check. We are also open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.
Spring recording Record your Robin Record Common Frog Rana temporaria
Record Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Record Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva
Record Dark-edged Bee Fly Bombylius major
Record Spring Flower Bee Anthophora plumipes
Record cuckoo bee Melecta albifrons

Geology Site Account

A-Z Geological Site Index

Lion Gorge (previously known as Lion Pit), CHAFFORD HUNDRED, Thurrock District, TQ599785, Potential Local Geological Site

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Site of geological interest with potential for promoting geology. Part of Chafford Gorges Nature Park. Any significant excavations in the reserve should be recorded.


Site description

The large flooded chalk quarry to the south of Warren Lane, South Stifford, was formerly the Lion Cement Works. The works opened in 1874 and in 1900 became part of the adjacent Wouldham Works (see above) when the two quarries were linked together by a gap in the chalk cliff. Lion Pit is also linked to the adjacent Warren Pit to the north by a tunnel (now gated) under Warren Lane. Clay, the other essential ingredient of Portland cement, was originally brought to the works by river but from 1930 London Clay was piped here as a slurry from South Ockendon. By 1976 all quarrying had ceased at Wouldham and the works were closed.

The quarry now contains a fishing lake and is much overgrown with vegetation but the original benches where chalk was worked by hand and with steam shovels can still be seen. The quarry is now part of the Chafford Gorges Nature Park which is managed by the Essex Wildlife Trust. A path runs through the quarry from the old Wouldham pit south to Philip Sydney Road. At the southern end of quarry is the Lion Pit Tramway Cutting (see separate site record) which is an important geological site in its own right.

Lion Pit has now been renamed Lion Gorge. It is part of Chafford Gorges Nature Park and is managed by the Essex Wildlife Trust.

View of Lion Gorge from the embankment on Philip Sydney Road. Photo: G.Lucy


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Reference: Christy 1907 (p.492 & 493), Powell 1983 (p. 66), Lucy 2009.

Geology Site Map
A-Z Geological Site Index