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Dianthus armeria
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Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are normally open to the public on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays 11am-4pm, check. We are also open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.
Spring recording Record your Robin Record Common Frog Rana temporaria
Record Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Record Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva
Record Dark-edged Bee Fly Bombylius major
Record Spring Flower Bee Anthophora plumipes
Record cuckoo bee Melecta albifrons

Geology Site Account

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Shoeburyness foreshore, SHOEBURYNESS, Southend District, TQ920840, General geological site

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Foreshore exposures of London Clay yielding fossils.

Description of site

When not obscured by river mud, a foreshore platform of London Clay has sometimes been visible at low tide at various points between Southend and Shoeburyness. There are records of fossil animals and plants from the London Clay having been found here from the middle of the nineteenth century onwards and the rapid erosion of the coast at this time must have produced numerous fossils that could readily be collected from the beaches.

Since the sea defences have been built the supply of fossils has dried up but it appears that as late as 1951 fossils could still be found on the foreshore at Shoeburyness. At this time there were well developed layers of septarian nodules visible with fossil sharks teeth available on the beach. Also to be found were the fossil fruits of Nipa, a stemless palm tree that was growing on the shores of the London Clay Sea some 50 million years ago.

Fossils from the London clay of the Southend district are preserved in the collections of Southend Central Museum.


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Reference: Davis and Elliott 1951, Saward 2015.

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