Geology Site Account
Upminster Brickworks (site of), UPMINSTER, London Borough of Havering, TQ568889, Historical site only
Historical site only
On the east side of Hall Lane, Upminster, was once an extensive brickworks, the kilns and chimneys being prominent landmarks. Two pits were in operation – a southern pit with well laminated brickearth and a northern pit (north of Bird Lane) in London Clay. At the base of the brickearth in the southern pit was boulder clay or till which, apart from the patch at Hornchurch (see separate site record), is the most southerly evidence of the ice sheet during the whole of the Ice Age. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the brickworks received numerous visits from geological societies, such as the Geologists’ Association.
There is now virtually no trace of the works which was in operation for over 150 years from the 1770s to the 1920s although the railway lines to the north pit can still just be seen at the edges of the tarmac where they cross Bird Lane. Upminster Tithe Barn Agricultural and Folk Museum in Hall Lane (next to Upminster Golf Club) has a display on the history of the Upminster brick and pottery works.
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Reference: Wilson 1880 (p.190-191), Dalton 1890, Woodward 1904, Davis 1914 (p.75 -79).
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