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Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are normally open to the public on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays 11am-4pm, check. We are also open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.
Spring recording Record your Robin Record Common Frog Rana temporaria
Record Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Record Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva
Record Dark-edged Bee Fly Bombylius major
Record Spring Flower Bee Anthophora plumipes
Record cuckoo bee Melecta albifrons

Geology Site Account

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Wanstead 'Parish Pit' (site of), WANSTEAD, London Borough of Redbridge, TQ419870, Historical site only

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Gravel pit in the 19th century yielding Palaeolithic artifacts. Further excavations in the vicinity could yield further artifacts.


Site description

Just north of the City of London Cemetery a gravel pit called the Parish Pit was in existence in the late nineteenth century next to the parish sewage farm. The pit was described as having ‘a very good section’ through the Thames gravel and there are records of two Palaeolithic flint hand-axes being found here. The area is situated on the Lynch Hill/Corbets Tey Terrace and the gravel of this terrace is thought to have been laid down by the Thames about 300,000 years ago (Marine Isotope Stages 10-8).

The west part of the site is now occupied by allotments on the west side and the former Redbridge (Southern) Sewage Works on the east side. The old sewage works site has been reclaimed as a public open space and became part of Epping Forest in 1994.


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Reference: Monckton 1893

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