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Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
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no 1113963
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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are normally open to the public on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays 11am-4pm. We are also open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.
Spring recording Record your Robin Record Common Frog Rana temporaria
Record Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Record Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva
Record Dark-edged Bee Fly Bombylius major
Record Spring Flower Bee Anthophora plumipes
Record cuckoo bee Melecta albifrons

Geology Site Account

Wyldingtree sarsen stones, NORTH WEALD BASSET , Epping Forest District, TL51020594, Potential Local Geological Site

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Site name: Wyldingtree sarsen stones

Grid reference: TL 5102 0594

Brief description of site:

At Wyldingtree farmhouse are three sarsen stones (the largest 120cm x 60cm x 40cm) and a puddingstone (80cm x 70cm) on the roadside by the entrance. A fourth and much larger sarsen stone (180cm x 120cm x 45cm) is situated just inside the private garden.



Sarsens are extremely hard boulders of sandstone formed around 55 million years ago when the climate of Britain was hot and a layer of sand beneath the surface of the ground became cemented with quartz. They are thus very resistant to erosion and have survived the rigours of the Ice Age. They originated on the chalk downland north and west of Essex and were carried here by rivers and glaciers. After retreat of the ice they became concentrated in river valleys.

The formation of silcretes (which includes sarsens and puddingstones) has been the subject of recent scientific debate. Research has compared the conditions under which sarsens and puddingstones may have been formed with the present day climate in the Kalahari Desert and parts of Australia.


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Reference: Salter 1914, Lucy 2003a

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