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Species Account for Pieris rapae

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Pieris rapae  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Small White
Lepidoptera: butterflies: Pieridae

Small White (spring form) Copyright: Robert Smith

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Taxonomic group: butterflies (Lepidoptera: butterflies) - County data

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View time series maps for Pieris rapae

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Records: 41927
First Record: 1917
Latest Record: 2021

1992-on hectads: 58
Pre-1992 hectads: 49
Total hectads: 58
Additional Phenology Data


Small White (summer form)
Small White (summer form)
Small White (spring form)
Small White (spring form)
Pieris rapae
Pieris rapae

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Small White on UK Butterflies website
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Species text
Widespread and abundant. In Essex, the Small White can achieve 3 broods in most years. The first brood in spring usually display much fainter markings on the upperside. The summer brood having darker markings and creamy undersides. Crucifer spp. are the main larval foodplant, but many others are used. Nectar sources are also numerous meaning the Small White can be found in almost any habitat. The UK population can be boosted by migration from the continent and the Small White can be particularly abundant along sea walls. Hibernates in the pupal state. References

Species text last edited on Wed Mar 21st 2012 by user 745


Broad Habitat Data (based on 253 records with habitat information)

no subhabitat data available

Structural Habitat Data (based on 17 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 41927 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Pieris rapae

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Pieris rapae

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