Essex Field Club on Facebook

Video about the Club

Deilephila elpenor
find out more... Elephant Hawk Moth Copyright: Graham Smith

Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
HLF Logo A-Z Page Index

Visit Our Centre

EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are normally open to the public every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday 11am-4pm, check. We are also open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.
Summer recording Record Goats-rue Record Wild Carrot
Record Spear Thistle
Record comb-footed spider
Record Wasp Spider
Record Garden Spider Record Nigma walckenaeri spider

Species Account for Coenonympha pamphilus

previous species | next species

Coenonympha pamphilus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Small Heath
Lepidoptera: butterflies: Satyridae

Small Heath Copyright: Robert Smith

Maps produced by MapMate®. Data overlays Copyright © Essex Field Club 2019.
Reproduction for study and non-profit use permitted, all other rights reserved.

Click on dot to query records

BAP status: UKBAP  

Additional Phenology Data


Small Heath
Small Heath

upload a new image

Taxonomic group: butterflies (Lepidoptera: butterflies) - Part county data   
Small Heath on UK Butterflies website
Please report any problems with this record:
VC error
GR error
Taxon ID suspect
Structural habitat suspect
Other problems, please explain here:


Species text
The Small Heath is still a widespread butterfly, but has been added to the UKBAP in the review completed in 2007 due to major declines in both its distribution and population. The distribution trend represents a comparison between data for the 1970-1982 period, and data for the 1995-2004 period. The start date for the long-term population trend varies, but is generally a date between 1976 and 1984, depending on the species. ( The butterfly occurs on grassland where there are fine grasses, especially in dry, well drained situations where the sward is short and sparse (Asher et al. 2000). Hence in Essex and the modern agricultural landscape many sites are on nutrient-poor and undisturbed brownfield land. The larval food plants are various Bents Agrostis spp., Fescues Festuca spp. and Meadow-grasses Poa spp. References

by user 3


Broad Habitat Data (based on 117 records with habitat information)

no subhabitat data available

Structural Habitat Data (based on 18 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 7 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Coenonympha pamphilus

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Coenonympha pamphilus

Why not join the Club, register and add a new species page
Interpretation of distribution maps