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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are closed due to the Covid-19 situation, but we are otherwise normally open to the public at our centre at Wat Tyler Country Park every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday 11am-4pm, check. We are also normally open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.

Geology Site Account

A-Z Geological Site Index

Bluelands Quarry, PURFLEET, Thurrock District, TQ570786, Potential Local Geological Site

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Site category: Interglacial deposit

Site name: Bluelands Quarry (north and east faces)

Grid reference: TQ 570786

Brief description of site:

The south and west faces of Bluelands Quarry are part of Purfleet Chalk Pits Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). The north and east faces are not included in the SSSI and so are described here. Bluelands Quarry is currently (2020) being partially infilled and the gravels, sands and clays overlying the Chalk will become more accessible when the infilling is completed.

The sediments overlying the Chalk were laid down by a former course of the Thames about 300,000 years ago. They are part of the Corbets Tey Formation (a downstream equivalent of the Lynch Hill Terrace of the Thames) and the central part of the sequence was deposited during an interglacial period. This interglacial period is informally known as the 'Purfleet' Interglacial, after these sites.


Details of the sections

North face - this face has been inaccessible until the recent infilling, so no recording or research work on it has been possible. It is notable for showing mid-stream gravels of the Thames between 300 and 340,000 years ago, contrasting with the side of channel sequence in the South face. In the south face and in Greenlands Pit, 'Purfleet Interglacial' deposits are underlain by gravel (Little Thurrock Gravel) and overlain by a series of gravels (Bluelands, Botany and Upper Gravels). As the laminated clays of the interglacial deposits are present in the north face, there is an opportunity to correlate the gravels there with those of the south face.

East face - notable for its Devensian (last glacial) involutions and a section through a solution hollow. During the extreme of the Devensian cold stage freezing action (periglaciation) broke down the surface layers of Chalk. On thawing, the fractured chalk was saturated and could not bear the weight of overlying sand and gravel, which consequently sank into it forming rounded structures known as periglacial involutions. These structures were once very common around Thurrock, but with various developments, very few are now visible.

Involutions in the east face of Bluelands Quarry. Photo: Peter Allen.


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Reference: See references for Purfleet Chalk Pits SSSI

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