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Essex Field Club
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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are closed due to the Covid-19 situation, but we are otherwise normally open to the public at our centre at Wat Tyler Country Park every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday 11am-4pm, check. We are also normally open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.

Geology Site Account

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Coombe Green Sand Pit, GREAT WARLEY, Brentwood District, TQ57669045, Potential Local Geological Site

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Site category: London Clay, Claygate or Bagshot Beds

Site name: Coombe Green Sand Pit (disused), Great Warley.

Grid reference: TQ 5766 9045

Brief description of site:

Just south of Stonyhills Farm, Great Warley is a triangular wood bounded by three lanes. In it is a shallow, overgrown sand pit which has a very small exposure of typically fine-grained Bagshot Sand. Exposures of Bagshot Sand are extremely rare in Essex.



Bagshot Sand is as a result of the gradual shallowing of the London Clay Sea about 50 million years ago. The sediment being deposited on the subtropical sea floor started as a mud that we now know as London Clay and became more and more sandy until eventually it consisted entirely of the fine yellow sand we now call Bagshot Sand. This sand was probably laid down across most of Essex in a great complex of river deltas and all that now remains of it are isolated patches on the tops of these hills in south Essex, the rest having been removed by the intense erosion of the Ice Age.

This pit is shown on the OS map of 1920 and was visited by the Geologists’ Association in 1915 (Boswell 1915).


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Reference: Boswell 1915 (p.227)

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