Essex Field Club on Facebook

Video about the Club Essex Field Club video

Blastobasis lacticolella
find out more... Blastobasis lacticolella 3 Copyright: Ben Sale

Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
HLF Logo A-Z Page Index


Essex Field Club

When you shop at Amazon DonatesAmazon Donates

Visit Our Centre

EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are closed due to the Covid-19 situation, but we are otherwise normally open to the public at our centre at Wat Tyler Country Park every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday 11am-4pm, check. We are also normally open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.

Geology Site Account

A-Z Geological Site Index

Eastwood Pumping Station, EASTWOOD, Southend District, TQ86288806, Historical site only

show OS map    

Site category: Borehole or well

Historical site only

In the nineteenth century the Southend Waterworks Company was formed to supply Southend with fresh water from two or three deep wells in or near the town. However, the growth of population was so great that the company had to sink well after well at points between Fobbing and Southend. One of these is the No. 3 well at Eastwood Pumping Station which was constructed between 1888 and 1890. The well is 871 feet (265 metres) deep which is actually deeper than Britain’s tallest building (the Canary Wharf Tower) is high. The first 247 feet (75 metres) beneath the well house floor is an 8 foot (2.5 metre) diameter shaft and below that it is bored.

Old water company records provide information about the geology. Beneath 40 feet of terrace sand and gravel the well passes into London Clay (240 feet thick) below which is sand and clay of the Lower London Tertiaries (146 feet thick) and at the base the well penetrated 439 feet of Upper Chalk with its characteristic flints. Very little water was obtained from the Chalk but water from the Lower London Tertiaries rose up the shaft to within 66 feet of the surface.

The buildings of Eastwood Pumping Station today. Photo: G.Lucy


if you have an image please upload it

Reference: Thresh 1907 (p. 59), Whitaker & Thresh 1916 (p. 146-147).

Geology Site Map
A-Z Geological Site Index