Essex Field Club on Facebook

Video about the Club Essex Field Club video

Dypterygia scabriuscula
find out more... Birds Wing Copyright: Ben Sale

Essex Field Club
Essex Field Club
registered charity
no 1113963
HLF Logo A-Z Page Index


Essex Field Club

When you shop at Amazon DonatesAmazon Donates

Visit Our Centre

EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are closed due to the Covid-19 situation, but we are otherwise normally open to the public at our centre at Wat Tyler Country Park every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday 11am-4pm, check. We are also normally open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.

Geology Site Account

A-Z Geological Site Index

Kingley Wood road cutting (A127), THUNDERSLEY, Castle Point District, TQ794898, Historical site only

show OS map    

Site category: London Clay, Claygate or Bagshot Beds

Kingley Wood road cutting (A127)

Temporary exposure of fossiliferous deposits during road excavations. Further excavations in the vicinity could yield further fossils and should be reported.


Site description

Construction of the A127 Southend Arterial road in the 1920s entailed digging a deep cutting through the high ground of the Rayleigh Hills. The cutting, just west of the Rayleigh Weir underpass, was dug through the sandy clay of the Claygate Beds and during the course of the work a layer of clay was found that was particularly rich in fossils.

The Claygate Beds occur above the London Clay and their sandy nature indicates a shallowing of the London Clay Sea some 50 million years ago. The engineer on site at the time is reported to have said that the thin, fossiliferous layer was at the base of the cutting, at the highest point of the road. Among the several species of fossil mollusc found was a pearly nautilus, a creature that lives today in the Indian Ocean. Shark teeth were also found including Otodus obliquus, an ancestor of the great white shark.

Fossils from the Kingley Wood cutting form part of the Essex Field Club's geological collection.


if you have an image please upload it

Reference: Wooldridge & Berdinner 1925 (p. 113 & 118), Bristow et al 1980 (p.275).

Geology Site Map
A-Z Geological Site Index