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EFC Centre at Wat Tyler Country ParkWe are closed due to the Covid-19 situation, but we are otherwise normally open to the public at our centre at Wat Tyler Country Park every Saturday, Sunday and bank holiday 11am-4pm, check. We are also normally open on Wednesdays 10am-4pm.

Geology Site Account

A-Z Geological Site Index

Maldon Cutting SSSI, MALDON, Maldon District, TL84150671, Site of Special Scientific Interest

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Site category: Glacial deposit or feature

Site name: Maldon Cutting SSSI

Grid reference: TL 8415 0671

Brief description of site:

The former railway cutting at Maldon is now occupied by the Maldon by-pass road. It is the type locality of the Maldon Till, formerly considered to be deposited by a separate advance of the ice sheet but now interpreted an isolated outlier of the widespread sheet of till, or boulder clay, that covers much of central and northern Essex. This interpretation is based on the origin of the gravels overlying the till here. Research is ongoing at this site.



This former railway cutting provides a rare stratigraphical site in the Pleistocene sequence in Essex. The sequence here comprises (glacial) till, overlain by gravel and silt. The first of these has been termed Maldon Till, for which this is the type site, and a complex glacial stratigraphy has been set up on the basis of the succession at this locality. This claims a glacio-fluvial origin for the gravel but, in the light of more recent work, the latter may prove to be of fluvial (River Blackwater) origin. The site is regarded as of considerable stratigraphical and historical significance.

Text taken from SSSI citation

A flint hand axe from Maldon Railway Cutting found during excavations in 1984. Drawing by P.Harding


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Reference: Bridgland 1994 (p. 364-369), Bridgland et al 1995 (p.247-254)

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